What Are The Pros And Cons Of Using Stain And Poly In One
Behr Espresso B6212 Stain and Poly In One Review
There are pros and cons of using a stain and poly in one.
One advantage is that it saves time. Each coat of a stain and poly in one adds color and a layer of protection to the wood.
But that time savings comes at a price. If you look closely, sometimes it can appear that the color is floating on the surface of the wood. This is especially true when a stain and poly in one is applied over an existing finish. It looks like its floating on the surface because it is. Remember if we use a stain and poly separately, the stain soaks into the wood and the poly sits on top to protect the wood.
But a stain and poly in one sits on the surface of the wood. This isnt necessarily a bad thing. But to the trained eye, having the color sit on the surface can make the piece look a bit off. Its just something to be aware of when choosing a finish for your project.
That said, I was thoroughly impressed with the look of the All-in-One. To me, it didnt look like the color was floating on the surface of the wood. Instead, I thought it had the look of stain and poly that was applied separately.
What Is The Best Way To Apply All
All-in-One Stain & Finish can be applied with a brush, pad, or clean cloth.
These samples were done on pine. The samples were sanded with 120 grit sandpaper. The samples were treated with Vermont Natural Coatings Pre-Stain Wood Conditioner.
On a large project, I would use this brush, but for this small piece, I applied the All-in-One with a small artist brush. The All-in-One on the second sample was applied with a clean piece of an old t-shirt. I used All-in-One in the color Westfield Walnut for these samples.
I didnt see any noticeable difference between applying the All-in-One with a brush or a cloth.
Which Stain Is Right For You
Before you buy, ask yourself these questions.
What’s the wood coated with now?
If it’s bare, chose whichever stain you want. But if it has a film finish, it’s easiest to stick with that penetrating stains can’t go over a film. Also, water-based stains will cover oil-based ones, but not the other way around.
What kind of wood do you have?
Soft woods, like pine and cedar, easily accept any penetrating stain. But only certain kinds of seed oils, such as tung or linseed, will soak into ultradense hardwoods like ipe and mahogany. Always test these woods first to make sure the finish will penetrate and dry.
How worn is it?
On older decks, unless you can sand off the top layer you’ll get the best protection from a penetrating finish: a clear toner, a semitransparent, or a semisolid. Solid-color stains are best on new wood.
How much grain do you want to see?
The less pigment a stain has, the more grain you’ll see, as shown on the stack of blocks at left. But the more pigment, the longer you can go before recoating.
Where is it located?
Stain on horizontal or south-facing surfaces gets more punishing UV rays than on vertical surfaces or shady north sides. To minimize maintenance, consider stains with more pigment.
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All About Exterior Stain
This Old House decodes the differences between the various types of stain so that you can get the look you want.
Spring heralds the arrival of weather warm enough for us to finally get outside and start undoing the damage winter has wrought on woodwork. Refreshing the finish on decks, fences, and siding tops the to-do list because without renewed protection against Mother Nature, wood will start to decay.
In a one-two punch, sunlight breaks down the lignin that holds wood fibers together, leaving a gray surface that cant hold a finish. Then water gets in, rotting boards and shingles and, worse, potentially compromising the structures that lie beneath them.
You can safeguard wood in one of two ways: either with paint, which seals it under an opaque film, or, perhaps better, with exterior stain. The beauty of stain is that its easy to apply, resistant to peeling, and brings out woods texture or grain. But stain comes in a bewildering number of types. Some are as clear as bourbon others are as milky as paint. Some form a film on top of the wood others leave behind nothing but a hint of surface color.
The Four Major Types Of Stain
Has less pigment than a solid-color stain, so it only partially obscures the wood’s grain. Leaves no surface film can’t peel. Recoat every 2 to 4 years.
Finely ground iron pigments called transoxides block the sun without obscuring the wood’s grain and impart a warm tint. Leaves no surface film can’t peel. Recoat annually.
Looks like a flat paint hides the wood’s grain but not its texture. Forms a film that can peel if not properly applied. Recoat every 5 to 7 years.
Contains enough pigment to change the wood’s color but not enough to obscure its grain. Leaves no surface film can’t peel. Recoat every 2 to 3 years.
Destined to turn gray and rot unless you cover it with stain.
Shown: Cabot solid color, semisolid, and semitransparent in New Redwood Clear Solution Wood Toner in Cedar cabot.com
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How To Refinish Hardwood Floors
It takes some elbow grease to refinish hardwood floors, but it’s worth it.
Minwax Polycrylic is an example of a fortified water-based polyurethane that can stand up a bit better to rough conditions. It also can go over oil-based finishes and can be applied using synthetic-bristle brushes, a foam roller or a rag, as can other water-based polyurethanes. Water-based oil-modified polyurethane is a relatively new product that combines the durability of an oil base with the cleanup of a water base. This product can actually be used on wooden floors.
Throwing Out Wood Stains And Finishes That Have Gone Bad
If youve determined your stain or finish has bit the dust, Ive got bad news. Not only is your product worthless, but its also going to be difficult to throw away.
Wood stains and finishes are considered hazardous materials. If youre throwing away product thats still good, its not that hard to dispose of. Paint the stain or finish onto some cardboard, let it dry, and then its no longer considered hazardous.
But if your wood stain or finish has gone bad, then it probably wont dry either. And in a liquid state, stains and finishes are hazardous materials, and cannot simply be thrown in the trash.
Instead, they have to be disposed of at hazardous waste disposal centers. Sometimes this costs money, sometimes its free it all depends on your local municipality.
So, in order to throw away bad wood stains and finishes, youll need to research your local hazardous waste disposal center, and find out their policies.
Check your citys website as well Ive lived in places that have semi-annual hazardous waste drop-off days, which make disposing of hazardous waste at least a little easier.
Also Check: Removing Water Stains From Hardwood Floors
Can You Apply All
Yes, All-in-One can be used over previously finished wood. First, the surface should be lightly sanded with 220 grit sandpaper. Sanding improves the adhesion between the old finish and the All-in-One.
Next, use a ShopVac to remove the majority of the sanding dust. Follow up with a clean damp cloth to remove any remaining sanding dust. Then, begin with Step 2 of the .
What’s The Difference Between Polyurethane Varnish Shellac And Lacquer
BEHR Stain & Sealer In One – DIY Table Top Refinishing
These terms for a finish or top coat are often used interchangeably, but there is a big difference. Learn when and where to use the correct one.
The ravages of time and use can be limited by a durable top or finish coat on your furniture. While the terms varnish, polyurethane, lacquer and shellac are commonly used to reference a final finish in general, these products are not the same, nor is it recommended that they be used interchangeably.
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How Much Stain Do You Mix With Polyurethane
Theres no standard volume for mixing polyurethane and wood stains. However, the most accepted ratio is 50 percent stain to 50 percent polyurethane.
Still, your mixture can contain as little as 25 percent stain and 75 percent polyurethane, depending on the color and consistency you want.
The wood stain will act as a thinner for polyurethane. So, the more the stain in the mixture, the thinner it is likely to be. A mixture with more stain than polyurethane may have a thicker consistency resulting in a glossier surface when applied.
With this detail out of the way, the next logical question is how to mix the two products. Let us look at the mixing procedure below.
Behr Deck Stain Home Depot
Where To Buy: Home DepotCost: $39.99 per Gallon, $199.99 per 5 Gallon PailStain Type: Premium Semi-Transparent Water BasedAvailable Colors: 60 custom colorsApplication Temperature: 40-90 FCoverage Per Gallon: 125-150 sq. ft in field testsApplication Tools: Sprayer, Pad, Brush, RollerDry Time: 1-2 HoursVOC Compliant: 250 Compliant in all States
Test Deck Stats:
Cedar Porch 300 Square FeetUV Exposure: Full sunHow Many Years Tested: 2 YearsStain Color Used: Cedar
*All products tested and results are from our hands-on experience. We offer no guarantee of similar results. Take into consideration that results may differ widely due to different wood types, exposure to UV radiation, and natural weathering.
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How Consumer Reports Tests Wood Stains
To test wood stains, CRs engineers apply two coats to pine boards, then place them on the roof of our headquarters in Yonkers, N.Y. They face the boards south and angled down, like a roof, to intensify the effects of the sun and weather for up to three years.
One year of testing tells you how a stain will do after a year on your deck or about three years of weathering on vertical surfaces .
For more information on the best ways to assess and apply wood stains, see our wood stain buying guide.
Below, CR members can read on for ratings and reviews of some of the best wood stains weve tested. Youll find additional details and options in our comprehensive wood stain ratings.
Mix Them Up Until The Color Is Even
The next step is to gently stir the mixture until it achieves an even color and consistency. Remember, polyurethane is usually thicker than wood stain. Therefore, mixing them will result in a thinner solution, so you need to mix them until you achieve a uniform consistency.
If you mix only a small amount of polyurethane and wood stain in a large bucket, consider tipping the bucket to the side to allow for better mixing.
Theres no standard way to measure when the mixture is ready, so eyeball it and use your better judgment to tell when it has mixed well. You may have to stir gently and patiently for a few minutes to ensure it is well mixed.
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How To Find The Shelf Life Of Your Specific Wood Stain Or Finish
The recommended shelf life of wood stain and finishing products can typically be found on the Technical Data Sheet for the product. I recommend starting here for determining if your wood stain or finish is still good, although it shouldnt be the only thing you consider!
Manufacturers Varathane and General Finishes both post the TDS on their website for every product they sell.
Heres where you can find that on Varathanes product page:
General Finishes has a single page that links all of the TDS pages. You can find that page here.
While I can find the Safety Data Sheets for Minwaxs products on their website, that is unfortunately not the same as the TDS. I dont believe they have the TDS posted, and therefore, I couldnt pull shelf life estimates for Minwaxs products.
If possible, I recommend pulling the TDS for the product youre specifically looking for information on. While a 3 year shelf life is standard for most wood stains and finishes, some products have different recommendations.
Also note that the recommended shelf life is only one piece of the is this product bad? puzzle. Dont throw your product away just because its more than 3 years old! Often times, stains and finishes last well over the manufacturers predicted shelf life.
Behr Wood Stain Smells Like 5 Test Finishes
HomeShop Blog 14
We may receive a commission when you use our affiliate links. However, this does not impact our recommendations.
Maybe its the fumes going to my head, but I cant place the smell of Behr wood stain.
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About One Step Stain & Polyurethane
Varathane Interior Poly+ Stain provides a fast and simple solution to stain and protect wood in just one step. Stain and polyurethane is a time-saver that provides a rich color and polyurethane in one product allowing projects to be finished quickly. Using a high quality synthetic bristle brush, apply in thin coats until uniform coverage is achieved. At least two coats recommended, customize color or achieve a darker color by adding additional coats.
- Perfect for adding color and protection to interior wood finishing projects such as furniture, trim, cabinets, doors and paneling
- Covers 125 sq. ft., recoat in 2 hours adding additional coats to achieve deeper color
- Creates rich color and features a polyurethane finish to provide a soft shine on surfaces
- Provides long lasting protection for all interior wood projects
- Low odor, durable, scratch-resistant formula is fast drying allowing for quick projects
- Able to apply over existing wood finishes without stripping, lightly sand prior to application
- Dries to the touch in 1 hour and can be handled in 4 hours
- Easily cleans up with mineral spirits
Extending The Life Of Your Wood Stains And Finishes
Behr Premium Stain and Polyurethane review
Air is the primary enemy of every wood finishing product. In addition to oxygen, which dries out many products, air brings bacteria and moisture, which can make wood stains and finishes go bad.
Additionally, extreme temperatures can freeze or vaporize product, which leads to it separating or otherwise changing texture. This also causes the wood stain or finish to go bad.
Obviously, if you want to make your woods stains and finishes last longer, we need to avoid air and extreme temperatures. Here are a few ideas:
Get Rid Of The Air
Now, woodworkers have invented some very fancy products for eliminating air in opened cans of stain or finish. Bloxygen is an inert air that is added to your can of finish in order to block oxygen from reaching the finish.
Bloxygen is cool and all, but honestly? It just seems complicated. How do I keep air from entering the can as Im adding the Bloxygen? Maybe Im over thinking this.
But theres an easier solution anyway, so Im happy to pass on the Bloxygen.
Grab some marbles. Dust them off if they somehow mysteriously became covered in sawdust. Drop them in your finish, until the finish reaches the top of the can.
Now theres no room for air in the can. Magic.
Be sure to fully seal your can lid, or else all your marble work will have gone to waste.
Store Stains and Finishes in a Temperature Controlled Location
Wood stains and finishes shouldnt be stored in garages, because most garages arent temperature-controlled locations.
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Where To Use Stain: Fences
Semitransparent stains emphasize a fence’s design, while clear toners show off its wood grain. Apply either type with a pump sprayer, the ideal tool for coating the long runs and numerous nooks and crannies of a fence. Wolman DuraStain Semi-Transparent in Chestnut Brown, similar to shown wolman.com
How Many Coats Of All
The instructions say to apply one coat but for a deeper tone, you can apply a second coat. The manager of the hardware stores paint department where I bought the All-in-One suggested that I may only want to apply one coat because sometimes two coats can be too dark.
These samples were done on pine. The samples were sanded with 120 grit sandpaper. The samples were treated with Vermont Natural Coatings Pre-Stain Wood Conditioner.
On a large project, I would use this brush, but for this small piece, I applied the All-in-One with a small artist brush. I used All-in-One in the color Backroad Brown for these samples.
NOTE: After I made these samples, I tried a sample with this Purdy brush that I normally use for my projects. The Purdy brush applied more product than the artist brush.
One coat with the Purdy brush looked like two coats applied with the artist brush. Two coats applied with the Purdy brush began to obscure the wood grain and the sample almost looked like it had been painted.
This proves that its important to do sample pieces. And depending on what brush is used, I would agree with the paint department manager, that one coat is usually enough to get the color you want.
Based on these tests I decided to only apply one coat of All-in-One to this DIY paper towel holder.
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Wood Finish Shelf Life: Can Stains And Finishes Go Bad
Last summer, I helped clean out my great aunts garage. My grandfather was a woodworker, and apparently stashed some supplies back there before he passed away a decade or so ago. I found the treasures, but then had to wonder: do wood stains and finishes go bad?
Turns out, manufacturers publish Technical Data Sheets for each type of stain or finish, which lists the shelf life of the product. I pulled this information for each type of stain or finish. Heres a summary of what I found:
|Shellac Sealcoat||3 Years|
Manufacturers typically suggest a 3 year shelf life for wood stains and finishes. However, that time frame is simply an estimate when stored in a temperature-regulated environment and air in the can is minimized, wood stains and finishes can last much longer.
Lets chat a little about where those numbers came from, as well as what other features you should be taking into consideration to determine if your wood finishing products are still good to use!
Note: This blog contains affiliate links. If you click and make a purchase, I may receive compensation
Is stain and polyurethane in one good? ›
There are pros and cons of using a stain and poly in one. One advantage is that it saves time. Each coat of a stain and poly in one adds color and a layer of protection to the wood. But that time savings comes at a price.How long for BEHR stain and Poly to dry? ›
Let the first coat dry for 1 hour or more. Dry time may be extended due to high humidity, low temperatures, and inadequate ventilation or if the coat is applied too thick. Lightly sand the surface between coats with fine sandpaper (#400 grit).Should I stain or just poly? ›
While staining creates a rich, deep color that highlights natural wood grain, it does not provide long-term protection. Without a protective top coat, wood can be damaged easily due to contact with water, food, or sharp objects. A polyurethane top coat protects the wood from scratches, stains and water damage.Will stain get darker with polyurethane? ›
An oil based polyurethane will continue to amber and darken over time, while water-based poly will remain clear for the lifetime of the hardwood floor. This color difference is less noticeable over a stained hardwood floor, but an oil based poly will still exhibit an amber hue that will continue to darken over time.Should I sand between stain and polyurethane? ›
Before you even finish your wood project with wood stain or paint, for best results, make sure that it is sanded well and has a smooth surface. This is extremely important for not just the polyurethane top coat, but for the best wood stain or paint application too!Can you stain and poly same day? ›
For best results, wait at least 24 hours before sealing the wood. If you are concerned the stain isn't quite dry enough, wait another day before applying poly.Does Behr stain need 2 coats? ›
Over application of stain will lead to surface failure including peeling and cracking. AVOID APPLYING STAIN TOO HEAVILY. TWO THIN COATS REQUIRED.Does Behr polyurethane yellow over time? ›
The resins in paint are slowly yellowing as time passes. With dark paint colors, this shift is hard (even impossible) to notice. Even with light shades, the color can change so slowly that you don't notice until you go to touch it up and realize how much lighter what's in the can is compared to what's on your wall.Does Poly stain need to be sealed? ›
Some polyurethanes do not require sealers. If you must seal stain or filler before polyurethane is applied, make sure the sealer is compatible with the varnish. Otherwise, use a penetrating resin sealer. This finishes the wood completely, but you can apply polyurethane over it if you want a smoother finish.Do you wipe Poly stain? ›
How to Use Gel Stain: Apply Stain. Wipe the stain evenly across the surface. The first coat should be thick. Put it on and don't wipe it away as you would when working with traditional stain.
Do you need to seal after staining wood? ›
Apply Sealant as Needed
Applying a topcoat sealer is not required, but a finish protects the stained wood from scratches and keeps it from fading over time. If applying a polyurethane finish with a brush, apply one to two coats.
Thin your polyurethane with paint thinner, mixing it with a paint stir stick. When polyurethane is too thick, the brush marks hold their shape and don't settle out. Thinning the product provides a smoother finished surface. Experiment with different amounts of paint thinner to see what works best for you.Can you paint over stain and poly? ›
If everything was done correctly, your polyurethane surface should be ready for paint without any issues. Water-based paint works just fine if your surface is primed correctly, however it's recommended you use oil-based paint for a more superior, long lasting finish.How do you prep wood for Poly stain? ›
- You'll get the best results from your topcoat if you remove any old paint, varnish or other finishes before polyurethane application.
- For a smooth coating, you'll want the surface to be as smooth as possible, so prepare the wood by sanding it with a sanding block or orbital sander.
Oil based used to be unquestionably more durable. Today though, water based polyurethane has evolved with better formulations that are equally durable as oil based polyurethane. High quality water based polyurethanes is considered by many homeowners & flooring professionals to be equally durable.Why is my stain coming off when applying polyurethane? ›
The problem is that the stain is not fully dry. The solvent in the stain and the poly are similar and will dissolve each other b4 fully dry.Can you sleep in house after polyurethane? ›
In general, I do not advise sleeping in your home after a polyurethane application, regardless of whether you are using an oil-based or water-based finish. The fumes from the polyurethane can be toxic and may cause eye and respiratory irritation.Why is my wood not smooth after staining? ›
Whenever water or any stain or finish that contains water comes in contact with wood, it causes the wood fibers to swell, which is called “grain raising” or “raised grain.” After the water has dried the wood feels rough to the touch, and thinly applied finishes also feel rough.How many coats of polyurethane should you put over stain? ›
You need at least five to six coats of polyurethane to reach a smooth coating. Only apply three to four coats of water-based poly for a less durable surface. It will help you achieve a good finish, but will not be as smooth and clear as an oil-based finish.What happens if I don't sand between coats of polyurethane? ›
Sanding multiple times and applying more coats may take a lot of time and money. But, if you skip this process, the polyurethane coat will not cling to the previous coat, and the last coat will eventually peel off, causing you to buy more and start the project again.
How long should I wait to Poly after staining? ›
How long should you wait between applying a stain and a polyurethane coating? Considering that most commonly used stains take between 12 to 24 hours to dry and cure completely, it's good practice to wait a full 24 hours before applying polyurethane sealer to your workpiece after your stain has been applied.What happens if you apply second coat of stain too soon? ›
If you apply a second, unnecessary coat of stain to wood that is already adequately covered, you risk creating a tacky surface that is prone to early peeling because the second coat is not penetrating the wood surface, but simply laying on top of the first coat of stain.Why is my wood stain still rubbing off? ›
If almost all the stain comes off when you wipe it, the surface probably wasn't sanded enough. Remove the remaining stain by wiping the wood down with mineral spirits or naphtha (be sure you have plenty of ventilation and don't work around open flames), followed by wiping with a clean cloth.Will a second coat of stain make wood darker? ›
Yes, each layer will darken your project even more. You can also start with a lighter color Gel Stain and layer on darker colors.How long should stain sit before second coat? ›
On average, wood stain takes about 24 to 72 hours to fully dry and cure, though you can typically add a second coat after about four hours.Does stain get darker with a second coat? ›
Apply a second coat of stain after the first has dried fully. This will usually produce a darker coloring, but it adds a step to the process and slows production. Substitute a glaze or gel stain for the liquid stain. Glazes and gel stains usually contain a higher ratio of pigment.What kind of polyurethane does not turn yellow? ›
Unlike oil-based polyurethane, water-based polyurethane, shellac, wax, and epoxy resin all remain the same color over time.What is the downside of oil-based polyurethane? ›
Cons of Oil-Based Polyurethane
Longer dry times. Dents easier due to it softer finish. The odor is unbearable (respirator use is recommended). The floor darkens over time.
- Bona Traffic HD Commercial Extra Matte. ...
- Basic Coatings STREETSHOE Waterbased Wood Floor Finish. ...
- Pallmann Pall-X 96 Matte. ...
- LOBA WS 2K Supra-Satin. ...
- Bona Finish - Mega HD Clear Satin. ...
- Varathane 230131 Crystal Clear Floor Finish. ...
- ZAR 32512 Water-Based Polyurethane.
Stain and polyurethane is a time-saver that provides a rich color and polyurethane in one product allowing projects to be finished quickly. Using a high quality synthetic bristle brush, apply in thin coats until uniform coverage is achieved.
Can you stain and poly in the same day? ›
For best results, wait at least 24 hours before sealing the wood. If you are concerned the stain isn't quite dry enough, wait another day before applying poly.Is one coat of polyurethane good enough? ›
Just one coat is not usually enough as it is not always possible to get an even finish with one application. You will also see brush marks after applying polyurethane initial coat. As a result, you will need to use fine-grit sandpaper and do a second coat to make it smoother.What happens if you put stain over polyurethane? ›
So, can you stain over polyurethane? The short answer is, yes you can! However, you will need to bear in mind that polyurethane seals the wood so traditional stains will not be able to penetrate its pores. This is why you will want to use a gel stain over polyurethane.What happens if you put polyurethane over wet stain? ›
Applying polyurethane over tacky stain will inevitably result in you having to remove the mixture you have created and then having to re-sand the surface of your workpiece, re-stain it, wait for the stain to dry completely all over again, and then apply your polyurethane sealer again.Can you apply stain and poly with a rag? ›
Polyurethane is so durable and water-resistant, it has largely replaced shellac and varnish as a wood finish. Originally, it had to be brushed on, but different formulations mean it can now be applied as a spray or by wiping it on with a rag.Can you walk on stain before polyurethane? ›
While stain brands recommend a drying time of 12 to 24 hours, allowing the floor to dry between 24 and 48 hours ensures that it is completely dry before applying the water-based polyurethane -- especially when conditions are less than ideal.How long should stain sit before wiping? ›
Wipe the stain off immediately if you'd like a lighter tone. But for a deeper tone, leave the stain on the wood for 5 to 10 minutes before wiping it off. Be sure to wipe off all the excess stain going in the direction of the grain of the wood.How long should I wait to apply a second coat of polyurethane? ›
Water-based polyurethane requires at least two hours of dry time between coats, and you should only apply two coats in a day. It's important to remember that drying time is affected by temperature and humidity.What happens if you don t sand between coats of polyurethane? ›
Sanding multiple times and applying more coats may take a lot of time and money. But, if you skip this process, the polyurethane coat will not cling to the previous coat, and the last coat will eventually peel off, causing you to buy more and start the project again.Which is better water based polyurethane or oil based? ›
Oil based used to be unquestionably more durable. Today though, water based polyurethane has evolved with better formulations that are equally durable as oil based polyurethane. High quality water based polyurethanes is considered by many homeowners & flooring professionals to be equally durable.