How to Restore Hardwood Floors Without Sanding (2023)

Few things bring a smile to a homeowner’s face, quite like hardwood floors. That’s why it’s so disheartening when wear and tear take their toll, leaving you with a dull, uneven, and uninspiring surface. If your hardwood floors aren’t looking their best, figuring out how to restore hardwood floors without sanding might be the only thing on your mind.

You typically have three options if you want to restore your hardwood floors without sanding. Liquid abrasive kits, buffing and applying new polyurethane, and using a hardwood floor revitalizer can all do the trick. However, which is right for you can vary.

Hardwood floors are one of the most breathtakingly beautiful flooring options, which is why they’re highly desirable. If you want to refresh your hardwood flooring without having to sand, here’s what you need to know about how to restore hardwood floors without sanding.

How to Restore Hardwood Floors Without Sanding (1)

Contents (Jump to Topic)

  • Why Do You Usually Sand When Restoring Hardwood Floors?
  • Can You Refinish Hardwood Floors Without Sanding?
  • How to Restore Hardwood Floors Without Sanding
    • Using an Abrasion Kit
    • Buffing and Recoating with Polyurethane
    • Using a Revitalizer
  • Can You Restore Waxed Hardwood Floors Without Sanding?
  • Can You Restain Hardwood Floors Without Sanding?
  • How to Darken Hardwood Floors Without Sanding
  • What’s the Fastest Way to Restore Hardwood Floors Without Sanding?
  • Is Restoring Hardwood Floors Without Sanding a Good Idea?
  • Conclusion

Why Do You Usually Sand When Restoring Hardwood Floors?

Sanding floors before you refinish them allows you to manually remove any existing finish or wax. It lets you get to the bare wood, giving you an even, fresh surface for refinishing. As a result, the final look after you refinish is typically better.

Additionally, sanding can address a range of issues that can occur with hardwood flooring. You can sand to remove finish-penetrating scratches, giving you an even surface. Sanding also lets you address stains and discoloration before applying a new finish.

Can You Refinish Hardwood Floors Without Sanding?

You can refinish hardwood floors without sanding in specific situations. If your flooring is in generally good condition, there are no finish-penetrating stains or scratches, and your floors aren’t waxed, sanding may not be necessary.

However, deeper gouges, finish-penetrating stains, or other condition issues could make sanding essential. Additionally, sanding could be a must if you want to restain your hardwood floors, as it allows you to remove the existing finish without using harsh chemical strippers.

How to Restore Hardwood Floors Without Sanding

How to Restore Hardwood Floors Without Sanding (2)

If you’re trying to figure out how to restore hardwood floors without sanding, you have several options available. They vary regarding the time and materials required, and each may be more effective in specific situations.

In most cases, it’s best to consider all available options. If you favor one approach over the others, consider doing a test spot to see if you like the results. That ensures you’ll be happy with the outcome before you move forward.

Regardless of your chosen approach, one of your first steps will be to don protective equipment. Gloves, eye protection, and a dust mask are essential to avoid contact with any chemicals. Shoe covers are also wise, as they can help you avoid tracking dirt onto the flooring.

Additionally, you’ll need to clear the room and clean it thoroughly. Remove all furnishings from the room. Also, remove doors off their hinges if they hang across the floor you’re working on, ensuring they won’t cause you to miss spots.

Once the area is clear, wipe down any surface above the floor to remove dust that could potentially fall onto the flooring. This includes shelves, windowsills, blinds, and baseboards.

(Video) How to Refinish Hardwood Floors without Sanding

After that, sweep the floor to remove larger debris. Follow that up by vacuuming using a hard floor setting or attachment. Finally, use a microfiber mop and clean water to remove additional dirt, dust, and debris.

You may also want to close or block any heating or cooling vents. That ensures that airflow through HVAC systems won’t spread dust into the space during the process.

If your flooring butts up against another type of floor, use painter’s tape to protect it, ensuring it seals tightly. You can do the same with your baseboards, installed cabinets, or similar items.

Once those steps are complete, you can begin the chosen option as outlined below.

Using an Abrasion Kit

1. Choose a Store-Bought Abrasion Kit

Hardware and home improvement stores typically carry various chemical abrasion kits for restoring floors. While the general application process is the same, each may have its own benefits and drawbacks. Do some research to determine which option is best for your needs.

Also, review the manufacturer’s directions to learn the nuances of using the specific product. Most use a highly similar process, but there could be product-specific guidance regarding the amount of product to use, how long to scrub and similar details.

2. Apply the Liquid and Scrub

Usually, you’ll take the liquid abrasive and place it into a tray. This allows you to dip the provided scrubbing pad into the liquid and apply it to your hardwood floors.

Attach the provided scrubbing pad to a block and broom handle for easier application. That allows you to apply more force. Plus, a broom handle gives you more reach and lets you stand while you work.

Dip the pad into the liquid, ensuring it’s wet but not saturated to the point where it will drip. Press it against the side of the tray to remove excess liquid.

Next, choose a small section of your floor. Use the scrubbing pad to firmly work the surface, going with the grain. Scrub each part of the section several times.

3. Wipe the Surface

In most cases, you only want the bulk of the abrasive liquid to sit on your floors for up to five minutes. Once the first small section has been treated, wipe up any excess liquid with a clean microfiber cloth to remove the excess.

As you wipe, you don’t have to completely dry your floor. Instead, you want to ensure that there isn’t enough liquid to seep between the planks, as that could damage your underlayment or subfloor. In the end, there should be a light film remaining, but nothing more.

4. Move to the Next Section

After scrubbing and wiping the first section, move to the next one. Use the same process as outlined in steps two and three.

Once that section is complete, proceed to the following small section. Continue the same process repeatedly until your entire floor is coated.

5. Wait for the Floor to Dry

After you’ve applied the liquid abrasive to your entire floor, you’ll need to wait for it to dry. The exact time may vary by manufacturer, so refer to the included directions for details. However, this part usually takes around 30 minutes.

6. Mop the Floor

After the floor dries, it’s time to mop again. Take a gallon of warm water and put it in a bucket. Then, add two tablespoons of ammonia-free and bleach-free liquid dish soap to the water, stirring to distribute it evenly.

(Video) How to Refinish a Wood Floor Without Sanding (under 1 hour)

Take a clean microfiber mop and lightly dampen it with water and soap. Mop in small sections, wiping up any puddles quickly. Additionally, rinse the mop regularly and replace the water and soap solution if it gets dirty.

After mopping, wait for the floor to dry completely before proceeding.

7. Address Scratches

Check your floor for scratches once it is dry. If you spot any, take a small artist’s paintbrush and apply a stain that matches the rest of the flooring. Gently feather the stain out to ensure it blends, then blot up any excess with a rag.

Grab a hair dryer and dry the stained area for about one minute to seal the stain. Next, clean the paintbrush and apply a thin coat of finish, feathering the edges.

8. Apply the New Finish

After addressing the scratches, you can apply your new finish. Start by using a brush to handle the edges, giving you more control.

Next, use clean water to dampen the applicator pad, squeezing out excess water. Apply the applicator pad to the block and connect it to the broom handle. Pour some of the finish into a tray and dip the applicator. Don’t squeeze the applicator to remove excess, as that can lead to bubbling.

Carefully spread the finish onto your floor, working in small sections and going with the grain. It’s also wise to hold the applicator at an angle to direct excess finish in one direction. Additionally, use as few strokes as possible.

If you spot drips or puddles, use a brush to smooth them out immediately. Continue dipping the applicator as needed and working in small sections until the floor is coated.

Sometimes, you’ll want to let the floor dry and then apply a second coat if you have enough finish remaining. After that, let it dry (based on the time listed on the manufacturer’s recommendations) before walking on the surface or bringing items back into the room.

Buffing and Recoating with Polyurethane

How to Restore Hardwood Floors Without Sanding (3)

1. Hammer Down Protruding Nails

Before using the buffer, take a moment to address any protruding nails; otherwise, they may catch the buffing pad.

2. Seal Your Work Area

While you’ll want to ventilate the room by opening windows, buffing can create a lot of dust. As a result, you want to make sure that HVAC vents are closed.

Additionally, seal off the room to ensure dust doesn’t travel into other parts of your home. Cover doorways or openings with sheeting to provide protection.

3. Hand Buff the Edges and Corners

In many cases, buffing equipment won’t reach into corners or room edges due to its shape. Since that’s the case, you’ll need to hand buff those spots using the same pad type.

Apply moderate pressure and go over each area three or four times. That will rough the surface enough to ensure the new finish will adhere.

4. Begin Buffing

After addressing the nails, you can start buffing. Begin in the middle of your floor, giving you a little space to familiarize yourself with how the buffer moves and pulls.

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Once comfortable, start on one side and move with the grain, using a side-to-side motion to buff the floor. Limit the number of passes over a section of flooring to just one or two to avoid harming the finish.

In many cases, the buffing pads only last 10 to 15 minutes of continuous use. As a result, you’ll want to check it every few minutes to examine its condition. If you see buildup or debris, wipe it away. Once the pad looks worn, flip it if it’s dual-sided or replace it with a new one.

5. Wait for 15 Minutes

Once you finish buffing the room, close any open windows and wait for 15 minutes, giving the dust a chance to settle, making it easier to remove.

6. Clean the Floors

Begin cleaning by wiping down any surfaces above the floor that have dust. This ensures that debris won’t fall to the floor when you apply the finish.

Next, use a shop vac to remove as much dust from the floor as possible. Make sure to give it several passes, and focus on the spaces between the floorboards where dust may settle.

Finally, use a clean microfiber mop to clean up the rest. Use only water to mop, as cleansers may prevent the new finish from adhering.

7. Apply Polyurethane to the Edges

After cleaning, you can begin applying your new polyurethane finish. Start along the edges of the room. Using a brush, apply a smooth, even, thin coat to the perimeter of your room.

8. Tackle the First Coat

Once the edges of your room are handled, you can focus on the rest of the floor. Pour the finish into a tray to make it easier to use. Then, use an applicator pad and a long handle to make the process easier and create an even final look.

You’ll most likely want to start along one wall and work toward a doorway. Keep the applicator at an angle as you drag, working with the grain. If you have puddles or drips, address them quickly with a brush.

Then, continue until your floor is covered. Once it is, let the first coat dry. Refer to the manufacturer’s directions for the exact drying time required.

9. Apply the Second Coat

After the first coat dries, you can apply the second. Use the same process as you did for the initial coat. Finally, let the finish cure, waiting as long as the manufacturer recommends before using the room or bringing furnishings back into the space.

Using a Revitalizer

1. Choose a Floor Revitalizer

How to Restore Hardwood Floors Without Sanding (4)Using a floor revitalizer is a solid option if your floors need a light refresh and have no major scratches, unevenness, or defects. There are several options available, and they’re typically found at home improvement or hardware stores.

2. Apply the Revitalizer

You’ll want to refer to the manufacturer’s directions regarding the application. Typically, you’ll use a mop or similar item to apply and spread the revitalizer. You may need to use a brush along the edges, but that may depend on the type of mop you use.

3. Let the Revitalizer Dry

How to Restore Hardwood Floors Without Sanding (5)After applying the revitalizer, you simply need to let it dry. Exact drying times can vary, so refer to the manufacturer’s instructions for precise timelines. However, it typically takes an hour or less.

Can You Restore Waxed Hardwood Floors Without Sanding?

In most cases, restoring waxed floors without sanding isn’t an option. The wax will prevent new finishes from adhering correctly, so removing it is essential.

If you aren’t sure whether your hardwood floors are coated in wax, choose an inconspicuous spot, such as in a corner, and place a few drops of mineral spirits on the floor. Let it sit for a few minutes, then wipe the spots with a clean, white rag.

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After wiping, if the rag still looks clean, your floors aren’t waxed. If you see brown, earthy yellow, or shiny residue, there’s wax on your hardwood floors.

If you do have wax and your floors simply look a bit dull, applying a new coat of wax and buffing the surface may be enough to restore the shine and smooth the surface. However, this won’t correct issues like uneven coloring or deeper scratches in many cases, so keep that in mind.

Can You Restain Hardwood Floors Without Sanding?

Generally speaking, sanding is the best approach if you want to restain your hardwood floors. You can’t stain the wood if there’s a finish on the surface. Unless the finish is removed, the stain won’t penetrate the wood.

However, you can use a chemical stripper to remove the finish. This will also allow you to get down to the wood surface without as much manual labor. Just keep in mind that chemical strippers are complicated to use and do involve hazardous materials.

How to Darken Hardwood Floors Without Sanding

If you want to darken your hardwood floors without sanding, you’ll typically need a tinted finish. For example, you can find tinted polyurethane that will make your flooring appear darker.

However, tinted finishes don’t penetrate the wood. As a result, high-traffic areas may appear lighter than the rest of your floor as the finish wears away.

If you want to darken your wood floors in a way that won’t wear off due to foot traffic, you typically need to sand them. That allows you to get to the bare wood. Then, you can apply a new, darker stain and fresh finish.

What’s the Fastest Way to Restore Hardwood Floors Without Sanding?

Generally, the fastest way to restore hardwood floors without sanding is by using a revitalizer. These will restore shine and can even address light surface scratches.

If you’re flooring needs more than a simple refresh, a liquid abrasive or buffing and applying a new coat of polyurethane may do the trick. Which option is quicker may depend on your comfort level with the approaches. Additionally, the drying times can vary based on the products you select, so keep that in mind.

Is Restoring Hardwood Floors Without Sanding a Good Idea?

Restoring hardwood floors without sanding can work in many situations, but it isn’t ideal in all circumstances. As a result, sanding might be essential depending on the current state of your floors.

If your floors are waxed, then sanding might be essential. Otherwise, any new finish will fail to bond correctly, leading to uneven results.

Sanding is also a must for floors with deep scratches that penetrate past the finish. It allows you to remove the finish and address the scratch, giving you a better final look.

If you have significant finish wear in high-traffic areas of your home, sanding is also the better choice. It allows you to get an even, fresh surface before you restore the hardwood floors. As a result, the new finish will look better once the job is complete.

Finally, sanding is the only way to address the discoloration if you have notable stains that penetrate through the finish – such as water damage or pet stains. Otherwise, the spots will remain when you apply your new finish, which isn’t ideal.


At this point, you should have a solid idea of how to restore hardwood floors without sanding. Consider the condition of your flooring to determine if one of the three options above can meet your needs. If so, start with a test spot to ensure you get the desired result, allowing you to confidently move on to the rest of the floor.

Did you learn everything you wanted to find out about how to restore hardwood floors without sanding? If so, let us know in the comments. Also, if you know someone trying to restore their hardwood floors without sanding, please share the article.

(Video) Refinishing Hardwood Floors // START TO FINISH


Can you Restain hardwoods without sanding? ›

Luckily, you can make your old wood floors look brand new again by refinishing them without sanding. Known as screening and recoating, you can make your floors look pristine in a matter of hours. If you'd rather leave the task to the pros, hire a hardwood floor finishing service near you.

How do you revive dull wood floors? ›

4 Ways To Refresh The Look Of Tired Wood Floor
  1. Give it a thorough clean. Sometimes, all a tired looking wood floor needs, to help it look its best again, is a really good clean. ...
  2. Top up your finish. ...
  3. Buff and polish it. ...
  4. Invest in a full sand and refinish.
Nov 19, 2012

How do you revive hardwood floors without refinishing them? ›

Clean the floor thoroughly. Apply liquid etcher with your device's abrasive pad to roughen the floor surface. Mop the floor with a solution of two tablespoons of liquid dishwasher to one-gallon warm water to neutralize the etcher. Smooth out scratches by applying matching stain with an artist's brush.

What is the best restore for hardwood floors? ›

  • 1 Weiman Hardwood Floor Polish.
  • 2 Bona Hardwood Floor Polish.
  • 3 Quick Shine Hardwood Floor Polish.
  • 4 Rejuvenate Hardwood Floor Polish.
  • 5 Restore-A-Floor Hardwood Floor Polish.
  • 6 Howard Products Hardwood Floor Polish.
  • 7 Murphy Hardwood Floor Polish.

Is Murphy's oil soap good for wood floors? ›

Do NOT clean your floors with Murphy's Oil Soap, Mop and Glo, Orange Glo, Swiffer Wet Mop, furniture polish such as Pledge, vinegar, ammonia, or any pine cleaners! All of these cleaners, over time, will dull and damage the finish.

How do you refurbish a solid wood floor? ›

Use a soft brush or roller to apply a polyurethane finish to the floor. Leave it for a few hours to dry. Ideally, you should leave the floor to dry for about 4 to 5 hours and then apply another layer of finish and leave to dry thoroughly. The wood will look fantastic and last that bit longer.

Does sandless floor refinishing work? ›

Sandless refinishing can remove old, dull floor wax and polish, as well as paint splatters and certain other minor stains. It can't remove scratches, dents, sun fade, grey areas caused by oxidation or most pet stains.

Do you have to remove all old stain before restaining wood? ›

Generally speaking, it's a good idea to completely remove all traces of the previous coat of deck stain before applying a new one. The reasons for this may be fairly obvious -- a previous coat of stain might be peeling away from the surface in several areas.

Does Murphy oil soap make floors shine? ›

It is marketed as a wood floor cleaning product that has the ability to both clean and shine your floors. This is a major appeal to many people because it does multiple things at once. It cleans your floor AND leaves it looking shiny again.

Does vinegar make wood floors shine? ›

Since vinegar is an acid, it will actually break down the finish on the surface of your floor, and over time it will reduce the shine, and leave a dull appearance. Using vinegar and water to clean floors can also lead to an excessive amount of water on the floor, which can cause swelling and discoloration.

Why do my hardwood floors look dull? ›

Hardwood Floors look dull because you just move dirt around.

By adding water or other liquid to the existing dirt, you make a muddy solution that builds up on the floor surface. It is important to remove dirt and debris from the floor before mopping or using a cleaning solution.

How do you rehydrate old hardwood floors? ›

How to Revitalize Floors
  1. First, give your floor a good cleaning. ...
  2. Next, apply the revitalizer according to the package instructions. ...
  3. Use your mop to spread the revitalizer on the floor. ...
  4. Once the revitalizer is spread evenly, let it dry fully before you move furniture back in place or allow foot traffic on the floors.
Jan 17, 2019

How do you deep clean old hardwood floors? ›

How to Deep-Clean Hardwood Floors
  1. Wet the Mop. Saturate a sponge or rag mop in the water, then wring it almost dry so it feels only slightly damp to the touch.
  2. Damp Mop and Rinse. Damp-mop the floor, being careful to prevent standing water on the floor. ...
  3. Wipe Up Excess Liquid. ...
  4. Dry Floors.
Sep 10, 2021

Can you partially refinish hardwood floors? ›


To improve a floor that has moderate wear, a partial refinish saves you time and money. In this process, you will buff or sand with a high-grit paper and apply new coats of sealant.

Which is better Bona or Murphy's oil soap? ›

Overall, the best hardwood floor cleaner is the Murphy Original Formula Oil Soap, as it's affordable, effective, and compatible with multiple surfaces. If you're looking for a spray option, the Bona Hardwood Floor Cleaner is safe and easy to use.

Is Bona good for hardwood floors? ›

Bona is safe for all unwaxed, unoiled, polyurethane-finished wood floors. It's a water-based, pet-safe, pH-neutral formula. It doesn't leave a residue and dries in about a minute and a half.

What not to use on hardwood floors? ›

Don't use straight ammonia, alkaline products or abrasive cleaners. They'll dull or scratch the finish. Don't rely on lemon juice or a vinegar-and-water solution to clean hardwood floors. "I don't recommend using vinegar or lemon juice, at least not in large quantities, as these can damage the floor's seal," said Wise.

Is Pine Sol good for wood floors? ›

It's safe for wood and hard, nonporous surfaces. You can apply it to the floor directly from the bottle. For more information about the Pine-Sol® lineup of products, visit our FAQs page.

Do you have to rinse Murphy's oil soap? ›

For heavy cleaning, dilute 1/2 cup Murphy per gallon. Clean well with wrung-out mop, and mop any excess water. No visible residue, no rinsing required.

How do you clean badly damaged hardwood floors? ›

Gently scrub with a coarser “00” grade steel wool wet with mineral spirits. Wipe away the mineral spirits with a damp cloth, then use a dry cloth to remove the water. With a soft cloth, apply a solvent-based hardwood floor wax to the scrubbed area and buff it in to restore its shine.

How much does it cost to refinish 1000 square feet of hardwood floors? ›

The cost to refinish 1,000 square feet of hardwood flooring averages between $3,000 and $8,000.

What does vinegar and water do to hardwood floors? ›

Vinegar is an acid and hardwood floors need a pH neutral or close to it cleaner. When mixed with water, the solution's acidity is drastically lowered and it becomes an effective method to wash hardwood floors. The vinegar and water mixture cuts through dirt and grime, leaving a streak-free and naturally clean floor.

Can you use Dawn dish soap on hardwood floors? ›

Dish soap is a gentle cleaner that won't damage the natural wood, and it's perfect for light jobs and daily upkeep alike. In a large bucket, mix two to three tablespoons of dish soap with one gallon of warm water.

What is the cheapest way to refinish hardwood floors? ›

Applying a Revitalizer. Applying a revitalizer gloss is the simplest and cheapest way to refinish hardwood floors. This approach works best on floors that only have surface-level scratches and other minor wear and tear issues. You can get the job done without the need for equipment rentals or hard-to-find materials.

Is it cheaper to refinish hardwood or replace? ›

Generally speaking, it is almost always less expensive to refinish your hardwood floors than to replace them. That's because replacing them involves paying for additional wood, the installation itself, as well as labor costs for tearing up and hauling away the existing hardwood.

What is the main disadvantage of using water based polyurethane? ›

Cons of Water-Based Polyurethane

Expensive cost. Requires more coats. Scratches easier due to it hardness.


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